Bochicidae Chamberlin, 1930


The Bochicinae were first recognized by Chamberlin (1930) who included the group within the Ideoroncidae. It contained only a single species, Bochica withi from the West Indies. It was first elevated to family level by Muchmore (1982) who distinguished it from the Hyidae. Harvey (1992) placed the Vachoniidae, described by Chamberlin (1947) for two troglobitic species from Mexican caves, as a junior synonym of Bochicidae.

Muchmore (1998) revised the Bochicidae and divided the group into two subfamilies, Bochicinae and Leucohyinae.

The family consists of two subfamilies, Bochicinae and Leucohyinae. The Bochicinae contains eight genera (Antillobisium, Bochica, Spelaeobochica, Titanobochica, Troglobisium, Troglobochica, Troglohya and Vachonium) and the Leucohyinae contains four genera (Apohya, Leucohya, Mexobisium and Paravachonium). There are 41 named species.

The family currently contains representatives from central and South America, and two isolated species from the Iberian Peninsula. The majority of described species are highly modified troglobites but several have been found in forest litter or soil.


Chamberlin, J.C. (1947). The Vachoniidae - a new family of false scorpions represented by two new species from caves in Yucatan (Arachnida, Chelonethida, Neobisioidea). Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series 10(4): 1-15.

Muchmore, W.B. (1998). Review of the family Bochicidae, with new species and records (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida). Insecta Mundi 12: 117-132.







Bochicidae Chamberlin: Muchmore, 1982a: 98; Harvey, 1991a: 309; Harvey, 1992c: 1408; Muchmore, 1998a: 119. Vachoniidae Chamberlin, 1947a: 3-4; Muchmore, 1972g: 267-268; Muchmore, 1982a: 98; Harvey, 1991a: 430 (synonymised by Harvey, 1992c: 1408).

Pseudoscorpions in this family